The symptoms of uterine fibroids can be extremely painful and frustrating. No one wants to deal with severe pelvic pain or excessive menstrual bleeding on top of the stresses of everyday life.
Though there are surgical treatments available for fibroids that may provide a more long-term solution for fibroid symptoms, there are several medications that can help give you relief.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow on or in the muscle wall of the uterus. They affect 20-40% of women 35 and older, although many of those women don’t show symptoms.
Those that do suffer from symptoms experience moderate to severe pelvic pain and pressure, extreme menstrual bleeding, abdominal bloating, and urinary incontinence. These symptoms can affect a woman’s quality of life and occasionally, her fertility and overall health.
There are medications that can help ease your pain and other symptoms caused by fibroids. Talk to your doctor about what will work best for you, and ask before you start taking anything new. Some of the common medications that are recommended for fibroid symptoms include:
- Birth control hormones can reduce cramps, pain, and heavy bleeding.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy is often used by women to reduce excessive bleeding and pain during the menstrual cycle, but it has not been proven to work for fibroids symptoms in all cases.
- Iron supplements are available over-the-counter, and are indispensable for women suffering from anemia due to heavy bleeding.
- Intrauterine devices inject a small amount of a hormone into the uterus periodically to help with severe bleeding.
- Receiving a progestin every three months can help with bleeding, but depending on the woman, it may either improve fibroids or could encourage their growth.
Most medications that are offered and taken for fibroid symptoms only address the symptoms. If medication is stopped, symptoms will likely return. For a more permanent solution to uterine fibroids, an additional procedure may be necessary. Some of these include a hysterectomy, myomectomy, or uterine fibroid embolization.
PLEASE NOTE: The above information should not be construed as providing specific medical advice, but rather to offer readers information to better understand their lives and health. It is not intended to provide an alternative to professional treatment or to replace the services of a physician.